Grammatical Recordings

One recording in which Dahue Lochhang gives some elicitation of Lochhang. This consists of the following sound file: SDM15-20100116-01_SM_T_LochhangElicitation.wav The details of this recording are as follows: SDM15-20100116-01_SM_T_LochhangElicitation.wav; Duration 6’52”; Some elicitation of Lochhang
One recording in which Dahue Lochhang gives some elicitation of Lochhang. This consists of the following sound file: SDM15-20100116-01_SM_T_LochhangElicitation.wav The details of this recording are as follows: SDM15-20100116-01_SM_T_LochhangElicitation.wav; Duration 6’52”; Some elicitation of Lochhang
Forty-four recordings in which Mr Daniel Mawyio demonstrates some examples of Lochhang grammar. This consists of 10 video files and 34 sound files: nst-loc_20140611_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_05_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_06_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_13_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar The details of these recordings are as follows: nst-loc_20140611_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’25”, About the word ghürx ‘build’. This is a word with final –r, nominal form ighürx. Daniel felt there was a little difference in the tone of the two words. He felt the nominal form was a little longer nst-loc_20140611_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’38”, About the difference between ghürx, where Daniel said his tongue was a little curled, and ighürx where it was straight nst-loc_20140611_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’30”, lengc-lyaq ‘disturbing animals so that they don’t come to the village’ nst-loc_20140611_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’47”, Three forms of the word for ‘disturbing animals so that they don’t come to the village’ – lengc lyaq nominal form, ilengx lyaq also nominal and lengz lyaq is verbal nst-loc_20140612_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 6’22”, Discussion of the two different nominals for several verbs, and their combination with the agentive nominaliser, -teix nst-loc_20140612_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’54”, Discussion of the two different nominals for several verbs, and their combination with the agentive nominaliser, -teix nst-loc_20140612_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’56”, Distinction between khyangz ‘nose’, ikhyaangx ‘footstep, trace’, ikhyangx ‘skin’ nst-loc_20140612_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’20”, Further discussion of this distinction nst-loc_20140612_05_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’27”, Further discussion of the distinction between ralaux ‘looking at each other’ and ‘only’ – both are x tones but according to Daniel the word for ‘only’ is shorter nst-loc_20140612_06_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’48”, Daniel pointed out that ralaux ‘only’ cannot stand for itself nst-loc_20140531_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’21”, Tones of the numbers; aʃai¹, the next four anai², ad̪ai², bəlai², bəŋi² were all confirmed to have the same tone as ‘grandfather’. We also discussed the form tʰənai² ‘those two’, where tʰə- marks something already referred to. nst-loc_20140531_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’26”, About the form ʒaɯ² which changes to tone 3 or perhaps to a rising tone after tone 3. There is a word aʒaɯ² ‘easy’ nst-loc_20140531_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’11”, Further discussion of ʒaɯ² and its changing tone. nst-loc_20140531_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’44”, The word d̪i¹ ‘ill’, which is used in combination with words like nɯ³ d̪i¹ ‘tired’ nst-loc_20140531_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’19”, Further examples, ɣek d̪i¹ ‘stomach ache’, kʰau² d̪i¹ ‘headache’ nst-loc_20140531_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’32”, The phrase kuʔʨʰɤ² ‘because of’. The sentence example was ra²seŋ² kuʔʨʰɤ², βai¹ tʰwa³ naR ŋa³ təβa³. ‘he is sitting/sat near the fire because of cold’. The word na² also changes tone. The form kuʔʨʰɤ² combines with a verb. If it stands alone, it will be rəkuʔʨʰɤ². rə- is an auxiliary verb meaning ‘do’ nst-loc_20140531_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’37”, Another example with kuʔʨʰɤ²; including the word kʰu¹kʰi¹ ‘happy’. The sentence example means, because Stephen gave the camera, Daniel is happy. nst-loc_20140531_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’43”, Discussion about the word for ‘fill’. i-mai² nu³ ‘already filled’. This is distinguished from mai³ ven³ taʔ ‘it has filled’, the verbal form. nst-loc_20140531_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’49”, Discussion about the tone of ven ‘change of stare’. It has tone 2 with tone 1 and 2 verbs, and tone 3 after tone 2. However later he told me it would be ki¹ ven³ not ki¹ ven², ‘go-COS’. But it is ʨʰeŋ¹ ven² ‘tell-COS’ nst-loc_20140531_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’32”, Examples in Mungray of these same words showing that there is no tone change nst-loc_20140531_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 8’21”, About voiced dental stops. There is a distinction between /d̪/ and /d/. nst-loc_20140531_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 6’40”, Tone alternation for the agentive nominalizer tei², which changes to a rising tone after Tone 3 nst-loc_20140531_13_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’12”, About the tones of future markers, which they change after Tone 3. It is not the same tone as ‘snake’. It is a rising tone/ nst-loc_20140601_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’55”, About the word ʨʰaŋ¹ which can mean ‘should’, or ‘place’ or ‘things’, so səʨaŋ¹ can mean ‘should eat’, ‘things to eat’, ‘place to eat’. nst-loc_20140601_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’37”, Distinction in pronunciation between /au/ and /əu/ nst-loc_20140601_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’23”, About the verb to ‘have, stay’. asi², si² combines with the agreement markers, which then carry 2nd tone. nst-loc_20140601_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’50”, Further discussion of the meanings of changz /ʨʰaŋ¹/. It combines with a nominal form of the verb, another example is chengc changz ‘should tell’ nst-loc_20140601_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’59”, More examples of combination with the word changz. The word lauc changz ‘should look’. In this recording the distinction between Tone 1 and Tone 2 is discussed nst-loc_20140601_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’35”, Tone of past tense markers. With chengx ‘tell’, the past tense markers have Tone 2. nst-loc_20140601_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’21”, About the forms laic, lac, laauc and lanc which are the markers of the non-final ‘tense’ nst-loc_20140601_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 4’38”, Two recordings discussing khyang: kʰjaŋ² ‘skin’ and kʰjaŋ³ ‘case’, but when in the phrase ‘whose X, the form is u² kʰjaŋ² va³ ‘whose’ u² kʰjaŋ² va² ‘whose skin’ nst-loc_20140601_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’56”, Continuation of the previous discussion. nst-loc_20140601_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’49”, Distinction in Diphthongs /au/ and /əu/ nst-loc_20140601_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’36”, Distinctions in Diphthongs between /ai/ and /ei/ nst-loc_20140601_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’37”, Distinctions in consonants between /d/ and /d̪/ nst-loc_20140602_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’02”, Writing the 3rd person past and continuous tense markers. These are spoken as as maic venc tanguz vac, but for easy of understanding it would be better to write maic venc taq nguz vac. The 3rd person continous is talaax. The markers for the continous in this situation were confirmed as takengc and takaic for 1st person, but talaax for third person. nst-loc_20140602_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’57”, Tones of the word ‘sleep’ – verbal form konz, nominalised ikonx and noun form konc. When combined with the agentive nominaliser, what appears to be a tone sandhi process, where a rising tone follows, is konc teif (where –f marks a high rising tone, that appears to follow a –c tone). When Dahue first spoke this, he spoke konx teix and this was corrected to konc teif. nst-loc_20140602_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’48”, Distinctions between –aü, -au and -aau nst-loc_20140602_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’43”, Distinction between phaaq ‘eat hard foods’ and saq ‘eat soft foods’. These are approximately /pʰaʔ/ and /səʔ/ respectively. However no such distinction with final nasals has been recorded nst-loc_20140602_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’43”, Distinctions between /ei/ ‘grandfather’ and /ɛ/, written ea nst-loc_20140602_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’43”, The example naik raic binc raix, which seems to be an example of tone sandhi (where binx becomes nst-loc_20140602_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’14”, The words for ‘fire’, vaiz and ‘ask’, vaaiz compared with ‘fire’ teix. The words for ‘one’ and ‘two’ should probably be long nst-loc_20140602_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’50”, More about /ai/ nst-loc_20140602_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’08”, The word for ‘moon’, jicpuf which shows tone sandhi on the second syllable. In Mungray the word is yiispi ‘(Tone 3 and Tone 2) without any tone sandhi
Forty-four recordings in which Mr Daniel Mawyio demonstrates some examples of Lochhang grammar. This consists of 10 video files and 34 sound files: nst-loc_20140611_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140611_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_05_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140612_06_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140531_13_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140601_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20140602_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar The details of these recordings are as follows: nst-loc_20140611_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’25”, About the word ghürx ‘build’. This is a word with final –r, nominal form ighürx. Daniel felt there was a little difference in the tone of the two words. He felt the nominal form was a little longer nst-loc_20140611_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’38”, About the difference between ghürx, where Daniel said his tongue was a little curled, and ighürx where it was straight nst-loc_20140611_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’30”, lengc-lyaq ‘disturbing animals so that they don’t come to the village’ nst-loc_20140611_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’47”, Three forms of the word for ‘disturbing animals so that they don’t come to the village’ – lengc lyaq nominal form, ilengx lyaq also nominal and lengz lyaq is verbal nst-loc_20140612_01_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 6’22”, Discussion of the two different nominals for several verbs, and their combination with the agentive nominaliser, -teix nst-loc_20140612_02_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’54”, Discussion of the two different nominals for several verbs, and their combination with the agentive nominaliser, -teix nst-loc_20140612_03_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’56”, Distinction between khyangz ‘nose’, ikhyaangx ‘footstep, trace’, ikhyangx ‘skin’ nst-loc_20140612_04_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’20”, Further discussion of this distinction nst-loc_20140612_05_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’27”, Further discussion of the distinction between ralaux ‘looking at each other’ and ‘only’ – both are x tones but according to Daniel the word for ‘only’ is shorter nst-loc_20140612_06_SM_JVC_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’48”, Daniel pointed out that ralaux ‘only’ cannot stand for itself nst-loc_20140531_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’21”, Tones of the numbers; aʃai¹, the next four anai², ad̪ai², bəlai², bəŋi² were all confirmed to have the same tone as ‘grandfather’. We also discussed the form tʰənai² ‘those two’, where tʰə- marks something already referred to. nst-loc_20140531_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’26”, About the form ʒaɯ² which changes to tone 3 or perhaps to a rising tone after tone 3. There is a word aʒaɯ² ‘easy’ nst-loc_20140531_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’11”, Further discussion of ʒaɯ² and its changing tone. nst-loc_20140531_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’44”, The word d̪i¹ ‘ill’, which is used in combination with words like nɯ³ d̪i¹ ‘tired’ nst-loc_20140531_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’19”, Further examples, ɣek d̪i¹ ‘stomach ache’, kʰau² d̪i¹ ‘headache’ nst-loc_20140531_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’32”, The phrase kuʔʨʰɤ² ‘because of’. The sentence example was ra²seŋ² kuʔʨʰɤ², βai¹ tʰwa³ naR ŋa³ təβa³. ‘he is sitting/sat near the fire because of cold’. The word na² also changes tone. The form kuʔʨʰɤ² combines with a verb. If it stands alone, it will be rəkuʔʨʰɤ². rə- is an auxiliary verb meaning ‘do’ nst-loc_20140531_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’37”, Another example with kuʔʨʰɤ²; including the word kʰu¹kʰi¹ ‘happy’. The sentence example means, because Stephen gave the camera, Daniel is happy. nst-loc_20140531_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’43”, Discussion about the word for ‘fill’. i-mai² nu³ ‘already filled’. This is distinguished from mai³ ven³ taʔ ‘it has filled’, the verbal form. nst-loc_20140531_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’49”, Discussion about the tone of ven ‘change of stare’. It has tone 2 with tone 1 and 2 verbs, and tone 3 after tone 2. However later he told me it would be ki¹ ven³ not ki¹ ven², ‘go-COS’. But it is ʨʰeŋ¹ ven² ‘tell-COS’ nst-loc_20140531_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’32”, Examples in Mungray of these same words showing that there is no tone change nst-loc_20140531_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 8’21”, About voiced dental stops. There is a distinction between /d̪/ and /d/. nst-loc_20140531_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 6’40”, Tone alternation for the agentive nominalizer tei², which changes to a rising tone after Tone 3 nst-loc_20140531_13_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’12”, About the tones of future markers, which they change after Tone 3. It is not the same tone as ‘snake’. It is a rising tone/ nst-loc_20140601_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’55”, About the word ʨʰaŋ¹ which can mean ‘should’, or ‘place’ or ‘things’, so səʨaŋ¹ can mean ‘should eat’, ‘things to eat’, ‘place to eat’. nst-loc_20140601_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’37”, Distinction in pronunciation between /au/ and /əu/ nst-loc_20140601_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’23”, About the verb to ‘have, stay’. asi², si² combines with the agreement markers, which then carry 2nd tone. nst-loc_20140601_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’50”, Further discussion of the meanings of changz /ʨʰaŋ¹/. It combines with a nominal form of the verb, another example is chengc changz ‘should tell’ nst-loc_20140601_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’59”, More examples of combination with the word changz. The word lauc changz ‘should look’. In this recording the distinction between Tone 1 and Tone 2 is discussed nst-loc_20140601_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’35”, Tone of past tense markers. With chengx ‘tell’, the past tense markers have Tone 2. nst-loc_20140601_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’21”, About the forms laic, lac, laauc and lanc which are the markers of the non-final ‘tense’ nst-loc_20140601_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 4’38”, Two recordings discussing khyang: kʰjaŋ² ‘skin’ and kʰjaŋ³ ‘case’, but when in the phrase ‘whose X, the form is u² kʰjaŋ² va³ ‘whose’ u² kʰjaŋ² va² ‘whose skin’ nst-loc_20140601_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’56”, Continuation of the previous discussion. nst-loc_20140601_10_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’49”, Distinction in Diphthongs /au/ and /əu/ nst-loc_20140601_11_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’36”, Distinctions in Diphthongs between /ai/ and /ei/ nst-loc_20140601_12_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’37”, Distinctions in consonants between /d/ and /d̪/ nst-loc_20140602_01_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 2’02”, Writing the 3rd person past and continuous tense markers. These are spoken as as maic venc tanguz vac, but for easy of understanding it would be better to write maic venc taq nguz vac. The 3rd person continous is talaax. The markers for the continous in this situation were confirmed as takengc and takaic for 1st person, but talaax for third person. nst-loc_20140602_02_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’57”, Tones of the word ‘sleep’ – verbal form konz, nominalised ikonx and noun form konc. When combined with the agentive nominaliser, what appears to be a tone sandhi process, where a rising tone follows, is konc teif (where –f marks a high rising tone, that appears to follow a –c tone). When Dahue first spoke this, he spoke konx teix and this was corrected to konc teif. nst-loc_20140602_03_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’48”, Distinctions between –aü, -au and -aau nst-loc_20140602_04_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’43”, Distinction between phaaq ‘eat hard foods’ and saq ‘eat soft foods’. These are approximately /pʰaʔ/ and /səʔ/ respectively. However no such distinction with final nasals has been recorded nst-loc_20140602_05_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’43”, Distinctions between /ei/ ‘grandfather’ and /ɛ/, written ea nst-loc_20140602_06_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 3’43”, The example naik raic binc raix, which seems to be an example of tone sandhi (where binx becomes nst-loc_20140602_07_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’14”, The words for ‘fire’, vaiz and ‘ask’, vaaiz compared with ‘fire’ teix. The words for ‘one’ and ‘two’ should probably be long nst-loc_20140602_08_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 0’50”, More about /ai/ nst-loc_20140602_09_SM_H4n_Daniel_Grammar_Duration 1’08”, The word for ‘moon’, jicpuf which shows tone sandhi on the second syllable. In Mungray the word is yiispi ‘(Tone 3 and Tone 2) without any tone sandhi
Seventeen recordings in which Mr Daniel Mawyio demonstrates some examples of Lochhang grammar. This consists of 17 sound files: nst-loc_20131028_01_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_02_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones nst-loc_20131028_03_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones nst-loc_20131028_12_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_13_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_14_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_15_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_16_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_17_SM_H4N_Daniel_Imperatives nst-loc_20131028_18_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_19_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_20_SM_H4N_Daniel_VerbForFestival nst-loc_20131028_21_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_22_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_23_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_24_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20131028_25_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar The details of these recordings are as follows: nst-loc_20131028_01_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordLis_Duraion 5’04”, Words for kinship, body parts, animals, numbers to check tones nst-loc_20131028_02_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones_Duraion 1’39”, Marked tone correspondence words, confirming that ‘rain’, ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ have a Tone 2 in Locchang nst-loc_20131028_03_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones_Duraion 1’12”, Marked tone correspondence words, confirming that ‘rain’, ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ have a Tone 2 in Locchang nst-loc_20131028_12_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 7’21”, Checking the agreement markers. With the verb ki¹ ‘go’, the tone of the negative particles is the level tone (Tone 3) and that of the future markers is (high) falling tone (Tone 2). 3’00” The future prefix m- was regarded as carrying Tone 1. 3’56” Testing the future tense with other verbs. The verb for ‘put’, which carries Tone 3 was discovered to have a future particle with Tone 3 also. All the verbs with Tone 3 that were tested had the future agreement markers carrying Tone 3 nst-loc_20131028_13_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 5’47”, Checking all the verbs in past tense. We found that a small number of verbs that carry Tone 2 also have Tone 2 for past markers. These are kjaŋ² ‘fall’, ʃi² ‘sing’, bjɯ² ‘speak’, ɲaŋ² ‘drink’, chhaɯŋ² ‘cook rice’, lam² ‘cook dishes’, ʃam² ‘hold’ nst-loc_20131028_14_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 1’34”, The group of Tone 2 verbs that have past agreement markers carrying Tone 2 also have negative agreement markers carrying tone 2. nst-loc_20131028_15_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’48”, Checking all the agreement markers with the verb ʃam² ‘hold’ nst-loc_20131028_16_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 1’47”, The group of Tone 2 verbs that have past agreement markers carrying Tone 2. The verb sit, had Tone 3 on the continuous markers. All of the verbs have Tone 3, except for ‘sit’ which is irregular and has Tone 3 for continuous markers only. nst-loc_20131028_17_SM_H4N_Daniel_Imperatives_Duraion 1’25”, Imperatives. The plural is expressed by V-reŋ³-laʔ nst-loc_20131028_18_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList_Duraion 1’34”, Some more words ‘daughter-in-law’, ‘bad smell’ (both i-ne²). ‘grass’ saŋ², nst-loc_20131028_19_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList_Duraion 0’49”, Some more words ‘ash’ we¹ban³ nst-loc_20131028_20_SM_H4N_Daniel_VerbForFestival_Duraion 3’18”, Discussion of the text nst_loc_20121102_IF_Q3_Jlochang_Jongfakokneimoi – the word maɯ ‘festival. The usual tone for this word is maɯ² but it has a special tone when combined with the word kauk ‘festival’ nst-loc_20131028_21_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 2’10”, Discussion of the tone of the continuous. When you ‘ask permission’ in Lochhang using the continuous, the tone changes to Tone 2 nst-loc_20131028_22_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’29”, Distinction between ‘we are going up’ djaŋ¹ təkai³ and ‘allow us to go up, djaŋ¹ təkai² nst-loc_20131028_23_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’22”, Distinction between ‘we are going up’ djaŋ¹ təkai³ and ‘allow us to go up, djaŋ¹ təkai² nst-loc_20131028_24_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar_Duraion 0’59”, About the form rau³ juʔ which means something like ‘if’ nst-loc_20131028_25_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar_Duraion 1’41”, Agreement markers with initial l- which appear to be non-final forms meaning something like the past perfective, what we have been doing
Seventeen recordings in which Mr Daniel Mawyio demonstrates some examples of Lochhang grammar. This consists of 17 sound files: nst-loc_20131028_01_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_02_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones nst-loc_20131028_03_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones nst-loc_20131028_12_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_13_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_14_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_15_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_16_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_17_SM_H4N_Daniel_Imperatives nst-loc_20131028_18_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_19_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList nst-loc_20131028_20_SM_H4N_Daniel_VerbForFestival nst-loc_20131028_21_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_22_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_23_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers nst-loc_20131028_24_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar nst-loc_20131028_25_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar The details of these recordings are as follows: nst-loc_20131028_01_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordLis_Duraion 5’04”, Words for kinship, body parts, animals, numbers to check tones nst-loc_20131028_02_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones_Duraion 1’39”, Marked tone correspondence words, confirming that ‘rain’, ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ have a Tone 2 in Locchang nst-loc_20131028_03_SM_H4N_Daniel_Tones_Duraion 1’12”, Marked tone correspondence words, confirming that ‘rain’, ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ have a Tone 2 in Locchang nst-loc_20131028_12_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 7’21”, Checking the agreement markers. With the verb ki¹ ‘go’, the tone of the negative particles is the level tone (Tone 3) and that of the future markers is (high) falling tone (Tone 2). 3’00” The future prefix m- was regarded as carrying Tone 1. 3’56” Testing the future tense with other verbs. The verb for ‘put’, which carries Tone 3 was discovered to have a future particle with Tone 3 also. All the verbs with Tone 3 that were tested had the future agreement markers carrying Tone 3 nst-loc_20131028_13_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 5’47”, Checking all the verbs in past tense. We found that a small number of verbs that carry Tone 2 also have Tone 2 for past markers. These are kjaŋ² ‘fall’, ʃi² ‘sing’, bjɯ² ‘speak’, ɲaŋ² ‘drink’, chhaɯŋ² ‘cook rice’, lam² ‘cook dishes’, ʃam² ‘hold’ nst-loc_20131028_14_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 1’34”, The group of Tone 2 verbs that have past agreement markers carrying Tone 2 also have negative agreement markers carrying tone 2. nst-loc_20131028_15_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’48”, Checking all the agreement markers with the verb ʃam² ‘hold’ nst-loc_20131028_16_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 1’47”, The group of Tone 2 verbs that have past agreement markers carrying Tone 2. The verb sit, had Tone 3 on the continuous markers. All of the verbs have Tone 3, except for ‘sit’ which is irregular and has Tone 3 for continuous markers only. nst-loc_20131028_17_SM_H4N_Daniel_Imperatives_Duraion 1’25”, Imperatives. The plural is expressed by V-reŋ³-laʔ nst-loc_20131028_18_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList_Duraion 1’34”, Some more words ‘daughter-in-law’, ‘bad smell’ (both i-ne²). ‘grass’ saŋ², nst-loc_20131028_19_SM_H4N_Daniel_WordList_Duraion 0’49”, Some more words ‘ash’ we¹ban³ nst-loc_20131028_20_SM_H4N_Daniel_VerbForFestival_Duraion 3’18”, Discussion of the text nst_loc_20121102_IF_Q3_Jlochang_Jongfakokneimoi – the word maɯ ‘festival. The usual tone for this word is maɯ² but it has a special tone when combined with the word kauk ‘festival’ nst-loc_20131028_21_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 2’10”, Discussion of the tone of the continuous. When you ‘ask permission’ in Lochhang using the continuous, the tone changes to Tone 2 nst-loc_20131028_22_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’29”, Distinction between ‘we are going up’ djaŋ¹ təkai³ and ‘allow us to go up, djaŋ¹ təkai² nst-loc_20131028_23_SM_H4N_Daniel_AgreementMarkers_Duraion 0’22”, Distinction between ‘we are going up’ djaŋ¹ təkai³ and ‘allow us to go up, djaŋ¹ təkai² nst-loc_20131028_24_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar_Duraion 0’59”, About the form rau³ juʔ which means something like ‘if’ nst-loc_20131028_25_SM_H4N_Daniel_Grammar_Duraion 1’41”, Agreement markers with initial l- which appear to be non-final forms meaning something like the past perfective, what we have been doing
Two recordings in which Datho, Ryemshe,Dahue and Shehue gives some minimal pairs. These consist of the following sound files: SDM15-20100118-05_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav SDM15-20100118-06_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-20100118-05_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’37”; Minimal pairs dhi³ ‘open’ dhi¹ ‘sick. SDM15-20100118-06_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’52”; Minimal pairs /dh/ and /d//. The clearest distinction is pronounced by Dahue at the end of this recording.
Two recordings in which Datho, Ryemshe,Dahue and Shehue gives some minimal pairs. These consist of the following sound files: SDM15-20100118-05_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav SDM15-20100118-06_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-20100118-05_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’37”; Minimal pairs dhi³ ‘open’ dhi¹ ‘sick. SDM15-20100118-06_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’52”; Minimal pairs /dh/ and /d//. The clearest distinction is pronounced by Dahue at the end of this recording.
A series of recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives Lochhang equivalents for sentences designed to elicit the person / TAM agreement paradigm. This consists of the following media files: SDM15-2008Tascam-012.wav; Duration 0’11” SDM15-2008Tascam-013.wav; Duration 2’28” SDM15-2008Tascam-014.wav; Duration 2’07” The detailed description of the contents is as follows: SDM15-2008Tascam-012; Elicited Sentence examples; I am eating rice SDM15-2008Tascam-013; Elicited Sentence examples; future, continuous and past; SDM15-2008Tascam-014; Elicited Sentence examples, imperative and negative;
A series of recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives Lochhang equivalents for sentences designed to elicit the person / TAM agreement paradigm. This consists of the following media files: SDM15-2008Tascam-012.wav; Duration 0’11” SDM15-2008Tascam-013.wav; Duration 2’28” SDM15-2008Tascam-014.wav; Duration 2’07” The detailed description of the contents is as follows: SDM15-2008Tascam-012; Elicited Sentence examples; I am eating rice SDM15-2008Tascam-013; Elicited Sentence examples; future, continuous and past; SDM15-2008Tascam-014; Elicited Sentence examples, imperative and negative;
Several recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives grammatical information and grammaticality judgements. This consists of the following recordings: SDM15-2008Tascam-032; Duration 4’17”; SDM15-2008Tascam-033; Duration 8’14”; SDM15-2008Tascam-034; Duration 1’06”; SDM15-2008Tascam-035; Duration 2’22”; SDM15-2008Tascam-036; Duration 2’14”; SDM15-2008Tascam-037; Duration 1’00”; SDM15-2008Tascam-038; Duration 1’12”; SDM15-2008Tascam-039; Duration 0’40”; The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-2008Tascam-032; Duration 4’17”; Relative clauses in Lochhang SDM15-2008Tascam-033; Duration 8’14”; Elicitation of Paradigm SDM15-2008Tascam-034; Duration 1’06”; Perfective marker kan SDM15-2008Tascam-035; Duration 2’22”; Some contrastive tones on khe SDM15-2008Tascam-036; Duration 2’14”; Use of the ‘future’ form in the past – referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 SDM15-2008Tascam-037; Duration 1’00”; comparison of tenses - referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 SDM15-2008Tascam-038; Duration 1’12”; referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 (52), discussing Bo Bwa’s use of plural marking with singular pronoun SDM15-2008Tascam-039; Duration 0’40”; Demonstratives in Lochhang
Several recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives grammatical information and grammaticality judgements. This consists of the following recordings: SDM15-2008Tascam-032; Duration 4’17”; SDM15-2008Tascam-033; Duration 8’14”; SDM15-2008Tascam-034; Duration 1’06”; SDM15-2008Tascam-035; Duration 2’22”; SDM15-2008Tascam-036; Duration 2’14”; SDM15-2008Tascam-037; Duration 1’00”; SDM15-2008Tascam-038; Duration 1’12”; SDM15-2008Tascam-039; Duration 0’40”; The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-2008Tascam-032; Duration 4’17”; Relative clauses in Lochhang SDM15-2008Tascam-033; Duration 8’14”; Elicitation of Paradigm SDM15-2008Tascam-034; Duration 1’06”; Perfective marker kan SDM15-2008Tascam-035; Duration 2’22”; Some contrastive tones on khe SDM15-2008Tascam-036; Duration 2’14”; Use of the ‘future’ form in the past – referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 SDM15-2008Tascam-037; Duration 1’00”; comparison of tenses - referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 SDM15-2008Tascam-038; Duration 1’12”; referring to SDM15-2008Tascam-021 (52), discussing Bo Bwa’s use of plural marking with singular pronoun SDM15-2008Tascam-039; Duration 0’40”; Demonstratives in Lochhang
Seven recordings in which Nongtang Langching speaks on the aspects of Lochhang grammar. This consists of the following media files: SDM15-2009Tascam-001:Duration 1’33” SDM15-2009Tascam-002:Duration 0’38” SDM15-2009Tascam-003:Duration 0’35” SDM15-2009Tascam-004:Duration 0’48” SDM15-2009Tascam-005:Duration 1’11” SDM15-2009Tascam-006:Duration 1’16” SDM15-2009Tascam-007:Duration 3’17” The details of these files are as follows: SDM15-2009Tascam-001:Duration 1’33”:the difference between ‘stomach’ and ‘ground’ – maybe a tonal difference; one is high the other lower; gheukL ‘stomach’ gheukH ‘ground’ – the latter has a slightly more high front sound SDM15-2009Tascam-002:Duration 0’38”:demonstratives in Lochhang SDM15-2009Tascam-003:Duration 0’35”:leL? ‘road’ leH ‘bring’ SDM15-2009Tascam-004:Duration 0’48”:discussing one example in SDM15-2008Tascam-021 sau li. SDM15-2009Tascam-005:Duration 1’11”:difference in vowel quality between ‘ground’ and ‘stomach; ground is the higher vowel SDM15-2009Tascam-006:Duration 1’16”:use of ruk ‘continuous, progressive’ SDM15-2009Tascam-007:Duration 3’17”:simple sentences
Seven recordings in which Nongtang Langching speaks on the aspects of Lochhang grammar. This consists of the following media files: SDM15-2009Tascam-001:Duration 1’33” SDM15-2009Tascam-002:Duration 0’38” SDM15-2009Tascam-003:Duration 0’35” SDM15-2009Tascam-004:Duration 0’48” SDM15-2009Tascam-005:Duration 1’11” SDM15-2009Tascam-006:Duration 1’16” SDM15-2009Tascam-007:Duration 3’17” The details of these files are as follows: SDM15-2009Tascam-001:Duration 1’33”:the difference between ‘stomach’ and ‘ground’ – maybe a tonal difference; one is high the other lower; gheukL ‘stomach’ gheukH ‘ground’ – the latter has a slightly more high front sound SDM15-2009Tascam-002:Duration 0’38”:demonstratives in Lochhang SDM15-2009Tascam-003:Duration 0’35”:leL? ‘road’ leH ‘bring’ SDM15-2009Tascam-004:Duration 0’48”:discussing one example in SDM15-2008Tascam-021 sau li. SDM15-2009Tascam-005:Duration 1’11”:difference in vowel quality between ‘ground’ and ‘stomach; ground is the higher vowel SDM15-2009Tascam-006:Duration 1’16”:use of ruk ‘continuous, progressive’ SDM15-2009Tascam-007:Duration 3’17”:simple sentences
Three recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives some information on Grammar. These consist of the following sound files: SDM15-20091223-01_SM_T_Prohibitives.wav SDM15-20091223-02_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav SDM15-20091227-01_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-20091223-01_SM_T_Prohibitives.wav; Duration 3’07”; Some examples of the prohibitive, naq V ki construction SDM15-20091223-02_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’00”; Three tones. khe² ‘to plant’; khe¹ ‘clothes’, khae³ ‘water’. The vowel of the latter is lower. SDM15-20091227-01_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’13”; The minimal pairs kau² ‘hill’, kau¹ ‘give’
Three recordings in which Nongtang Langching gives some information on Grammar. These consist of the following sound files: SDM15-20091223-01_SM_T_Prohibitives.wav SDM15-20091223-02_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav SDM15-20091227-01_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav The details of these recordings are as follows: SDM15-20091223-01_SM_T_Prohibitives.wav; Duration 3’07”; Some examples of the prohibitive, naq V ki construction SDM15-20091223-02_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’00”; Three tones. khe² ‘to plant’; khe¹ ‘clothes’, khae³ ‘water’. The vowel of the latter is lower. SDM15-20091227-01_SM_T_MinimalPairs.wav; Duration 1’13”; The minimal pairs kau² ‘hill’, kau¹ ‘give’

Citation

Stephen Donald Morey (2007 - 2014). Item "Grammatical Recordings" in collection "Tangsa, Tai, Singpho in North East India". The Language Archive. https://hdl.handle.net/1839/815709f9-b2d6-4b48-a0be-ade3e2784400. (Accessed 2024-06-20)

Note: This citation was extracted automatically from the available metadata and may contain inaccuracies. In case of multiple authors, the ordering is arbitrary. Please contact the archive staff in case you need help on how to cite this resource.

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