Non-CL imdi dump
The speaker describes the major Puma rituals which are celebrated. The rituals named 'samkha' and 'phagu' are celebrated compulsorily in the first half of the year (ubhauli), others in the second half (udhauli).
It was recorded at Diplung. In this recording, the speaker talks about various agricultural rituals which have to be performed during the year.
The obstacals that hindered to the study of the life of Gopal Rai and also the interesting memorable events which are stated in the session.
The session was recorded at Beltar Bazar. The life history of Gopal Rai is described here. The childhood memory, particular events happened in his life.
Rikhi asks Janak about her activities of these days. Janak says she is not enganged in any type of special work except her households. Thus the whole talk is concentrated on the family matters.
This talk is between the speakers of two different dialects of Chintang. It was recorded in Dhankuta. The recording quality is good.
The descriptive narration of Puma marriage in which the Bulukhung is one of the most important ritual part in the marriage ceremony.
In this session, the speaker has described part of the Puma marriage ceremony in which a metal bowl is one of the most important items. This session was recorded at Pathivara VDC.
The description of the Puma marriage related with the Bulu batuko, a small metal bowl which plays an important role in the Puma marriage.The bowl should be taken to the house of bride. A hen's blood is put into a bulukhung, a small bowl and is taken to the bride's home.
It was recorded at Cisapani. This recording describes a specific marriage ritual in which a metal bowl is an important symbol.
This is one of the few Chintang proverbs we could record. Literally it goes "The eyes are over there, the hand in the garlic garden"
The speaker cites and explains a proverb of the Chintang people.
This is an invented song. It suggests people not to fight among themselves and be united. The song says, ''we should be united, we should not fight with each other''. The song further says, we all are brothers, one brother should not kill the other. We should not offer our blood to Lord Buddha.
This song is recorded on collector's (Goma Banjade) request in Dhankuta. She wanted to record a song. It is written by Rikhi Maya Rai and sung by Janak Kumari Rai. This song addresses the contemporary political issue of Nepal.
Bal Kanya Devi or Dimahongma is the supreme goddess for the Puma, and they believe in her strongly. Once upon a time, a young girl's parents left her at home in order to work across the river. The girl started to look for her parents and followed them. When the parents later returned home and their daughter was not there they searched for her. Eventually they found that she had drowned in the river when trying to cross it. The parents were very sad. Later they found that the girl had turned into a goddess and they worshipped her.
This is the origin myth about Dimahongma alias Bal Kanya Devi, which is the supreme goddess of the Puma people. This was recorded at Beltar VDC, Udayapur District.
In this session, the speaker describes the guru puja which is one of the most important rituals of the Puma shamans. Ways of performing the rite, mundhum language used in the rite and its meaning etc are described in this session. The account also contains narrative elements of mythic episodes (Sumnima and Paruhang cycle).
It was recorded at Pathivara, Cisapani. In this session, the speaker talks about a shamanic offering which has to be done on the occasion of the Dashain festival.
Hopmacham is one of the ritual song which is generally sang in the marriage ceremony of the Puma people. The speaker has said when to sing this kind of the hopmacham and so on.
This recording was recorded at Sove-5,Diplung. In this session, it is stated about the general description of hopmacham. This is highly endangered in the Puma community.
Khaliphenma is one of the ritual festivals of the Puma people which generally is done once in six years. Puma worship the ancestors and offer a pig (khali bhog) and wish prosperity and the success of life in future. There are different steps to be taken into consideration when performing this ritual ceremony: these are mentioned in this session. The required materials, and the different roles of househould members are mentioned in this session. The clan history is also spoken about in this session.
This recording was done in Pauwasera VDC, Tamdung. In this session, the speaker gives a descriptive account of the Puma ritual which is called 'khaliphenma'. The way of doing the puja, the role of the shaman, reasons for sacrificing a pig etc. are described in this session.
This ritual is a part of the Nuwagi cycle, the first fruits offering in autumn. The ancestral offering performed for the spirit called Kholamang who is worshipped outside the house with chanting in the ritual language of the mundhum by wattong, a village elder.
This session records a worship named Kholamang, one of the parts of the ancestral worshipping ceremony among Chintang Rai called Nuwagi.
The text narrates about the history of the origin of the Baraha Pokhari, a lake in the Puma area. .
It was recorded at Cisapani VDC, Pathivara.The session describes about the history of origin of Baraha lake.
The mythology about the Diplung which is the centre region of the Puma settlers. One of the woman and mother talk about a first born child is the subject matter of discussion in this session.
In this session, the speaker speaks about the origin of the Diplung name. The people of the Dabalung clan are living in the Diplung region. The historical background of this settlement is explained in this session. This session was recorded at Beltar VDC.
In this session, the narrator tells the myth of the culture hero and orphan Hetchakupa. He spent his life with great difficulties and problems.
It was recorded at Cisapani, Pathivara. In this recording, the narrator tells the myth about the orphan Hetchakupa in Nepali.
The story narrates how Sumnima sent food to a person who was working for her. As he forgets about it the food begins to ferment and turns it into mash. The myth explains the origin of beer fermentation, which is a key symbol of cultural production.
It was recorded at Beltar. This myth about Sumnima explains the origin of beer fermentation.
The reason behind the celebration of the phagu festival are described. The way of celebrating and shaman roles in this particualr situation is said in detail in this session.
Phagu is celebrated by the Puma community. The reason of celebrating this festival and way of celebrating this festival is stated in this session. This session was recorded at Beltar.
In this session, the narrator tells the myth of Sumnima and her marriage with Paruhang. The interesting events that happened in their marriage process are described in detail.
It was recorded at Dapsa, Diplung VDC. The myth of Sumnima and her deeds are narrated by the speaker.
In the ancient times, one of the women of Cabalokkha was killed by a tiger. The place where this incident happened can be seen till now. The village name is kept due this incident. The session narrates the story of this event in detail.
The name of Cabalokkha village is explained with this tiger story. Caba means tiger in the Puma native language. This session was recorded at Mauwabote VDC, Cabalokkha.
In this poem the topic is the preservation of the Puma language and culture and the need for all to unite for this goal.
This session was recorded at Beltar on invitation. The poet exhorts his fellow Puma to develop and preserve the Puma language and culture. All the Puma native speakers should speak the Puma language.