DOBES Archive

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One chapter gives a summary of the narratives concerning Budhahang and Rajdeu (Hang), two important Chintang local heroes. Another chapter summarizes the stories about the origin of and context of Chintang major deity, the goddess Chintang Devi, also known as Jalpa Devi or Thigumhangma. The summaries are based on recordings, interviews and partly also published sources.
This session contains introductory data about the kinship system in Puma culture. It includes an outline of the major kinship units, the proto-clan (samet), distribution of the clans, kin terms, and marriage practice.
This introduction contains an overview of the Chintang narrative corpus, including myths of origin and myths about Chintang Devi, and stories about historical events and personal memories (life-histories).
In this session, the ritual of Phagu which is one of the most important ritual is described. The role of a ngapong, who is the ritual expert in charge of the ritual is described, as well as the stages of the ritual itself.
This is an introduction to the Puma ritual system. It includes information about the annual ritual cycle, the harvest rituals, the life cycle rituals and various other ritual performances (including shamanic healing seances).
The introduction gives an overview of the major narrative genres in Puma. Most of the narratives are part of the mundum, the sacred lore which recounts the origins of the world and the establishment of culture and ritual.
The Nuwagi ritual is an important harvest ritual: only after it is performed can the first grains be consumed. The chapter describes the ritual procedure of the all day festival which consists of various smaller rites: in particular offerings for Rajdeu, Kholamang, Budhahang, Khipmang and Daijohang.
Description of Chintang village and the social divisions in general: ethnic identity, historical context (including the 'Chintang Incident' of 1979), Chintang village profile (figures on ethnic distribution and clan affiliation), literacy and schooling, landscape and subsistence, language situation.
The session describes the rituals connected with death, i.e. the burial and funerary ceremonies, the taboos which the mourners have to follow, and the gradual transformation of the dead into an ancestors.
This introduction contains an overview of the Chintang ritual corpus, including life-cycle rituals (including weddings, funerals), agricultural rituals (Yupung, Nuwagi, Wadhangmi). It gives references to the respective sources and recorded sessions, as well as the ethnographic descriptions.
The ethnographic context of the Puma language and culture is described in this session: history, settlement area, language use.
The session includes materials about the Nuwagi ritual, the major first fruits offering performed in the autumn (harvest season). It describes the performance of the ritual: the offerings at the hearth and the presentation of the first rice and also ginger.