Citing ELAN

Citing ELAN in papers and articles

By downloading and using ELAN you agree to cite ELAN in any publication based on research in which ELAN has been used. You can cite a paper or cite as software:

Cite as computer program

When citing ELAN as a computer program in a publication, the following APA style reference can serve as an example (adjust the version and release date):

"ELAN (Version 5.9) [Computer software]. (2020). Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Language Archive. Retrieved from https://archive.mpi.nl/tla/elan"

Cite a paper or article

When mentioning ELAN in a paper, article or book please include the following information:

  • the URL: https://archive.mpi.nl/tla/elan
  • the institute: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Language Archive, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • a reference to one of the following papers:
    • Sloetjes, H., & Wittenburg, P. (2008). Annotation by category - ELAN and ISO DCR. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2008).
    • Wittenburg, P., Brugman, H., Russel, A., Klassmann, A., Sloetjes, H. (2006). ELAN: a Professional Framework for Multimodality Research. In: Proceedings of LREC 2006, Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Brugman, H., Russel, A. (2004). Annotating Multimedia/ Multi-modal resources with ELAN. In: Proceedings of LREC 2004, Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Crasborn, O., Sloetjes, H. (2008). Enhanced ELAN functionality for sign language corpora. In: Proceedings of LREC 2008, Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
    • Lausberg, H., & Sloetjes, H. (2009). Coding gestural behavior with the NEUROGES-ELAN system. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 41(3), 841-849. doi:10.3758/BRM.41.3.841.