DOBES Archive

This file describes the Chintang kinship which consists of kinship unit, samet, distribution of the Chintang clans and others in Chintang, kin terms, marriage practice.
This introduction contains an overview of the Chintang narrative corpus, including myths of origin and myths about Chintang Devi, and stories about historical events and personal memories (life-histories).
This introduction contains an overview of the Chintang ritual corpus, including life-cycle rituals (including weddings, funerals), agricultural rituals (Yupung, Nuwagi, Wadhangmi). It gives references to the respective sources and recorded sessions, as well as the ethnographic descriptions.
The Nuwagi ritual is an important harvest ritual: only after it is performed can the first grains be consumed. The chapter describes the ritual procedure of the all day festival which consists of various smaller rites: in particular offerings for Rajdeu, Kholamang, Budhahang, Khipmang and Daijohang.
Description of Chintang village and the social divisions in general: ethnic identity, historical context (including the 'Chintang Incident' of 1979), Chintang village profile (figures on ethnic distribution and clan affiliation), literacy and schooling, landscape and subsistence, language situation.
The Wadhangmi festival is the single most important ritual for the Chintang. In fact, it can be seen – as will become apparent in the following – as a ritual defining Chintang identity in a narrower sense. The major ritual experts, namely the chambak, nangsuba, and nakchong play are crucial role, and their main rituals are outlined here in their chronological order. The file also includes some photographs.
One chapter gives a summary of the narratives concerning Budhahang and Rajdeu (Hang), two important Chintang local heroes. Another chapter summarizes the stories about the origin of and context of Chintang major deity, the goddess Chintang Devi, also known as Jalpa Devi or Thigumhangma. The summaries are based on recordings, interviews and partly also published sources.
The session includes information about the various different categories of ritual experts, namely, the picami, chambak, nangsuba, taluksing, nakchong and the baidang. Though none of them is a typical jhakri (pan-Nepalese shaman), most of them have shamanic characteristics.