DOBES Archive

Even New Year
This session contains materials illustrating the celebration of the Even New Year festival. 1) opening speeches by local VIPs 2) parade of groups participating in a competition with the motto "Za chistoe zavtra" ("For a clean tomorrow") 3) the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai performs a dance 4) the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil and the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai perform dances 5) two men of the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil show a dance imitating ravens 6) view of a tank-like all-terrain vehicle parking at the edge of the festival ground
This is a song written by another Sebjan resident, PDN.
'Kino' = This very amusing narrative, the fifth of the recording session, describes how an old man in Twajan snuck into the village hall when they showed movies and sat behind the screen, in order to avoid having to pay the 5 kopecks entrance fee; and also how the same old man pretended to blow out a lightbulb in order to darken the room so the film could start. There is a Russian version of the first bit (sneaking behind the screen) in the middle.
Sawing firewood
This session was made in the wood. Artem Solodikov was preparing firewood sawing buscket willows "tal'nik" with a petrol-powered saw. He saws off a trunck and saws it up into shorter pieces. When he has enough, he puts the firewood on the special back pack that is called "ponjaga" (a metall frame with straps).
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
'First tractor' = In this narrative, the second of the recording session (about 4 minutes long), EIA told the story of how the first two tractors came to the village of Twajan in 1958, and how the villagers built a bridge over the little stream (which was only ankle-deep) so that the tractors could drive into the village with pomp and ceremony.
'Crossing river' = The last little anecdote of the day, which describes how they crossed a swollen river during a move of the reindeer herd.
Lilia Banakanova, direktor of this folk dance group, anounces the round dance Hedje. She says, that it was finally revitalized on Kamchatka. This dance is well-known and popular among other Even groups (e.g. Evens libing in Yakutia), but it was not performed on Kamchatka for a long time. When dancing it is also accompanied by special sounds imitating the reindeer (khorkanje).
Reindeer herd (video)
Videos taken in a Kamchatkan reindeer herd: 01-olenej_prignali_1.mpeg: the view on the reindeer herd. The animals are chased closer to the camp. The reindeer go round all the time to stay in movement. 02-vezdexod_1.mpeg: all-terrain vehicle (vezdekhod) slowly approaching the herders' camp. 03-pastushim-01_prosto_oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, the view of the reindeer herd and the walking herder 04-pastushim-02_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, two herders are walking around the herd. BP is asking bout the terms for some reindeer colors. 05-pastushim-03_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing some reindeer color terms with the herder Anatolij Solodikov. 06-pastushim-04-begut-za-olenjami_1.mpeg: pasture, herders running after the reindeer 07-pastushim-05-ostavshajasja-chastj_1.mpeg: The rest part of the herd stayed at the pasture, NA was filming reindeer of different colors and ages. 08-pastushim-06-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 09-pastushim-07-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 10-pastushim-08-soset-moloko-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, a little reindeer calf sucking milk 11-pastushim-09-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and the differences between Kamchatkan reindeer and the ones in Yakutiya 12-pastushim-10-guljken_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and sex/ages terms for the reindeer 13-pastushim-11-roga_1.mpeg: pasture, Anatolij Solodikoves shows a reindeer with a branchless antler 14-pastushim-12-smazka-rogov_1.mpeg: pasture, a reindeer is rubbing the tips of the antler with fat from its hooves 15-pastushim-13-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms for the reindeer (osheptulen, enkepu) 16-lovlja-arkanom-01_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov (brigadier) has walked into the herd and makes some unsuccessful attempts to catch an animal with the lasso 17-lovlja-arkanom-02_1.mpeg: Another attempt to catch the reindeer with the lasso 18-lovlja-arkanom-03_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer 22-lovlja-arkanom-07-pojmali-ne-tu_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov manages to catch an animal with the lasso, but he sets it free after all, as it is not the right one to be slaughtered 23-lovlja-arkanom-08-ne-popal_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer, but again the reindeer was not caught. Rhis video shows how AAS thows the lasso. 28-lovlja-arkanom-13-uzhe-pojmal_1.mpeg: Finally he has caught the right reindeer with the lasso 29-lovlja-arkanom-14-zavalili-nozh_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has caught a reindeer with the lasso; With the help of a younger herder (Pavel) the reindeer is turned to the ground 30-zarezali_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has stabbed the reindeer. He shows the little cut: he has killed it by stabbing it into the heart. 31-nachinajut-snimatj-shkuru_1.mpeg: The skin is being taken off the reindeer 32-snimajut-shkuru-s-nogi_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich and a younger herder Pavel are taking the skin off the reindeer's legs 33-razdelyvajut_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up, kidney and liver are cut off. 34-legkoe-pechenj-ljazhka_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up. AAS gives a term for lung (ewte). He makes cuts on the liver for blood to run out. Then he starts cutting off the leg (og). 35-nogi-kishki-pochki_1.mpeg: Pavel washed the reindeer stomach, he shows the omasum. Meanwhile Anton Afanasevich has taken out the second kidney. Then he cuts off one side of the ribs. 36-Pasha-otrezaet-golovu_1.mpeg: Pavel, a young herder, starts to cut off the reindeer's head.
This is the story about the first time after graduation of AAK. She has got an education in History and had to become a teacher of history. But there was no free position for the teacher of History in the school of her village, but she wanted to work there. So she went there without permission. Unexpectedly she got there a position of a headmisterss. She was very young in those days and didn't have any practical knowledge about how to manage such an organization. Nevertheless she had to prepare the scholl for a new scholl year and did it very good with help of her pupils. She tells with humor and in a very good Even.
AS told about his life, about the bridle he is making, and about hunting bears.
'Live duck' = This short narrative (only about 1 minute in length in Even) told about how EIA's son went hunting while on leave from the army; he shot a duck and brought it home in his rucksack. The next morning they noticed the rucksack was moving and took a look - it turned out the duck hadn't been killed after all, had just been grazed on its beak, and so lost consciousness, and it flew away as soon as they took it outside. This was the eighth narrative of the session.
This story like three stories about granny Igodnyj is also from childhood of JET. Her friend and she were about 8 years old. They found some money in a street, hid themselves and shared this note by tearing it into two pieces. At that moment the aunt of JET saw them, she became angry and explained, that they should not do that.
On these photos you can see: - saddled reindeer waiting - reindeer herders' winter camp - reindeer herder riding reindeer supported by a special stick - sledge drawn by reindeer, festive occasion - reindeer and sledge driver, festive occasion
This is the sixth section of the recording. RDA first tells about old graves in the area, as well as how as a child she and her siblings came upon an old storage shed left by a Russian geological expedition with the samovar and dishes all still intact. From this she moves on to talking about old traditions that aren't upheld anymore.
'Whip' = This is a very brief narrative about how a cow herder hit a naughty boy with his whip from his horse in the same manner as he had just seen in the film 'Chapaev' about a hero in the Russian Civil War. It's the sixth recording of the session.
In this session, AVZ told about how he and a fellow soldier went to steal chickens while serving in the army - to their great surprise, there was a huge chicken there which did not let itself be caught easily, and which later turned out to be a turkey, which they'd never seen before. After that, he told about how it was to live in the local boarding school.
It's a story from childhood of the informant (TEB). When she was a child, she lived in the reindeer herd with her parents. Every evening she heard a noise of fire and clanging of tableware. After that when she lived in a boarding school, she was dreaming she was in the herd, when she heard such a noise in the night (from the dining room). She tells also about her life and life of her family later, about her father's work.