DOBES Archive

Even New Year
This session contains materials illustrating the celebration of the Even New Year festival. 1) opening speeches by local VIPs 2) parade of groups participating in a competition with the motto "Za chistoe zavtra" ("For a clean tomorrow") 3) the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai performs a dance 4) the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil and the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai perform dances 5) two men of the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil show a dance imitating ravens 6) view of a tank-like all-terrain vehicle parking at the edge of the festival ground
This is a song written by another Sebjan resident, PDN.
Reindeer herd (video)
Videos taken in a Kamchatkan reindeer herd: 01-olenej_prignali_1.mpeg: the view on the reindeer herd. The animals are chased closer to the camp. The reindeer go round all the time to stay in movement. 02-vezdexod_1.mpeg: all-terrain vehicle (vezdekhod) slowly approaching the herders' camp. 03-pastushim-01_prosto_oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, the view of the reindeer herd and the walking herder 04-pastushim-02_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, two herders are walking around the herd. BP is asking bout the terms for some reindeer colors. 05-pastushim-03_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing some reindeer color terms with the herder Anatolij Solodikov. 06-pastushim-04-begut-za-olenjami_1.mpeg: pasture, herders running after the reindeer 07-pastushim-05-ostavshajasja-chastj_1.mpeg: The rest part of the herd stayed at the pasture, NA was filming reindeer of different colors and ages. 08-pastushim-06-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 09-pastushim-07-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 10-pastushim-08-soset-moloko-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, a little reindeer calf sucking milk 11-pastushim-09-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and the differences between Kamchatkan reindeer and the ones in Yakutiya 12-pastushim-10-guljken_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and sex/ages terms for the reindeer 13-pastushim-11-roga_1.mpeg: pasture, Anatolij Solodikoves shows a reindeer with a branchless antler 14-pastushim-12-smazka-rogov_1.mpeg: pasture, a reindeer is rubbing the tips of the antler with fat from its hooves 15-pastushim-13-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms for the reindeer (osheptulen, enkepu) 16-lovlja-arkanom-01_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov (brigadier) has walked into the herd and makes some unsuccessful attempts to catch an animal with the lasso 17-lovlja-arkanom-02_1.mpeg: Another attempt to catch the reindeer with the lasso 18-lovlja-arkanom-03_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer 22-lovlja-arkanom-07-pojmali-ne-tu_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov manages to catch an animal with the lasso, but he sets it free after all, as it is not the right one to be slaughtered 23-lovlja-arkanom-08-ne-popal_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer, but again the reindeer was not caught. Rhis video shows how AAS thows the lasso. 28-lovlja-arkanom-13-uzhe-pojmal_1.mpeg: Finally he has caught the right reindeer with the lasso 29-lovlja-arkanom-14-zavalili-nozh_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has caught a reindeer with the lasso; With the help of a younger herder (Pavel) the reindeer is turned to the ground 30-zarezali_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has stabbed the reindeer. He shows the little cut: he has killed it by stabbing it into the heart. 31-nachinajut-snimatj-shkuru_1.mpeg: The skin is being taken off the reindeer 32-snimajut-shkuru-s-nogi_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich and a younger herder Pavel are taking the skin off the reindeer's legs 33-razdelyvajut_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up, kidney and liver are cut off. 34-legkoe-pechenj-ljazhka_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up. AAS gives a term for lung (ewte). He makes cuts on the liver for blood to run out. Then he starts cutting off the leg (og). 35-nogi-kishki-pochki_1.mpeg: Pavel washed the reindeer stomach, he shows the omasum. Meanwhile Anton Afanasevich has taken out the second kidney. Then he cuts off one side of the ribs. 36-Pasha-otrezaet-golovu_1.mpeg: Pavel, a young herder, starts to cut off the reindeer's head.
This is the story about the first time after graduation of AAK. She has got an education in History and had to become a teacher of history. But there was no free position for the teacher of History in the school of her village, but she wanted to work there. So she went there without permission. Unexpectedly she got there a position of a headmisterss. She was very young in those days and didn't have any practical knowledge about how to manage such an organization. Nevertheless she had to prepare the scholl for a new scholl year and did it very good with help of her pupils. She tells with humor and in a very good Even.
This story like three stories about granny Igodnyj is also from childhood of JET. Her friend and she were about 8 years old. They found some money in a street, hid themselves and shared this note by tearing it into two pieces. At that moment the aunt of JET saw them, she became angry and explained, that they should not do that.
On these photos you can see: - saddled reindeer waiting - reindeer herders' winter camp - reindeer herder riding reindeer supported by a special stick - sledge drawn by reindeer, festive occasion - reindeer and sledge driver, festive occasion
This is the sixth section of the recording. RDA first tells about old graves in the area, as well as how as a child she and her siblings came upon an old storage shed left by a Russian geological expedition with the samovar and dishes all still intact. From this she moves on to talking about old traditions that aren't upheld anymore.
In this session, AVZ told about how he and a fellow soldier went to steal chickens while serving in the army - to their great surprise, there was a huge chicken there which did not let itself be caught easily, and which later turned out to be a turkey, which they'd never seen before. After that, he told about how it was to live in the local boarding school.
This is the second section of the recording session - somewhat artificially cut off after about 4 minutes. In this - also very animated - narrative ZAS tells how she arrived in Tashkent as a young woman to visit an Uzbek penfriend of hers, and how her friend had missed her at the airport because of a delay with the airplane, so that ZAS had had to find her friend's home by herself, with a taxi driver who also didn't know the street.
This is the second section of the recording, in which RDA told about how a bear that wasn't hibernating had attacked her mother and older brother in their little hut in the reindeer herd. Fortunately, other reindeer herders had just moved to that location that day, and one of them was able to shoot the bear before it was able to wound anyone.
SPK told a bit about how his father hunted and worked in the reindeer herd, and how he himself sets traps for sable and snares for rabbits in winter, as well as a bit about his life as a reindeer herder. At the end he told a bit about some medicinal herbs that are used here.
This is the first part of the recording session with Innokentij Burtsev. Before the recording IDB told NA and BP a little bit about his life and contempopary problems in reideer herding. He was all his life a reindeer herder and now he is a zootechnician (zootechnik) in Sebjan. Actually when he was telling about it in Russian, he was very excited and cheerful. When we started the recording, he became much more serious and told a lot about endangered Even customs and endangered status of Even.
KKK narrated a legend about the origins of the Evens.
This is the last section of the recording. At first, RDA tells about how she had taken a tape-recorder to the reindeer herd with her in the summer after she had finished school, and how she had recorded the old women and men in the herd telling her about how life used to be, about old traditions, old folklore, songs, etc. She had left these recordings in a box at home when she left for Yakutsk to go to university, only to find when she came back that her younger sister had overplayed this unique collection of folklore with music. From there she moves on to listing the people in Sebjan who know a lot about old traditions and local history and who could perhaps be asked to contribute their knowledge to the Dobes archive.
Festival of the first fish (video + photos)
This session contains a number of videos illustrating the celebration of the festival of the first fish: 1) 02-nachalo : the festival is being opened by a dance of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" 2) 03-obrjad_ochischenija : a ritual for purification takes place 3) 04-nevod_s_ryboj : a symbolic first fish of the season is being "caught" with a fishing net 4) 05-ryba_plyvjet : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is imitating the migration of this fish 5) 06-razdacha_plavnikov : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is distributing parts of the fish 6) 07-ryba_plyvjet-2 : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is imitating the migration of this fish 7) 08-nurgenek : the Even folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from the village Anavgaj is presenting a dance 8) 09-nulgur_tantsy : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is performing a dance 9) 10-nulgur_pesnja_tanets : Sergej Petrovich Adukanov, member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is presenting an Even song; then "Nulgur" performs the dance "Successful fishing" 10) 11-ljubovj : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" presents the dance "Love" 11) 12-soperniki_drugie_tantsy : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" presents various dances The photos show the process of cooking fish soup.
KKK gave a brief description of the early history of the village.
These three stories are about an old woman who lived with JET's family. This old woman didn't speak Russian and didn't know, what electricity is. She told many fairy tales and was loved by children.