DOBES Archive

Even New Year
This session contains materials illustrating the celebration of the Even New Year festival. 1) opening speeches by local VIPs 2) parade of groups participating in a competition with the motto "Za chistoe zavtra" ("For a clean tomorrow") 3) the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai performs a dance 4) the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil and the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai perform dances 5) two men of the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil show a dance imitating ravens 6) view of a tank-like all-terrain vehicle parking at the edge of the festival ground
Sawing firewood
This session was made in the wood. Artem Solodikov was preparing firewood sawing buscket willows "tal'nik" with a petrol-powered saw. He saws off a trunck and saws it up into shorter pieces. When he has enough, he puts the firewood on the special back pack that is called "ponjaga" (a metall frame with straps).
RDA_TPK_names_origins
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
Alekseeva_RD_old_remains_traditions
This is the sixth section of the recording. RDA first tells about old graves in the area, as well as how as a child she and her siblings came upon an old storage shed left by a Russian geological expedition with the samovar and dishes all still intact. From this she moves on to talking about old traditions that aren't upheld anymore.
Stepanova_ZA_arrival_Tashkent
This is the second section of the recording session - somewhat artificially cut off after about 4 minutes. In this - also very animated - narrative ZAS tells how she arrived in Tashkent as a young woman to visit an Uzbek penfriend of hers, and how her friend had missed her at the airport because of a delay with the airplane, so that ZAS had had to find her friend's home by herself, with a taxi driver who also didn't know the street.
Alekseeva_RD_shatun
This is the second section of the recording, in which RDA told about how a bear that wasn't hibernating had attacked her mother and older brother in their little hut in the reindeer herd. Fortunately, other reindeer herders had just moved to that location that day, and one of them was able to shoot the bear before it was able to wound anyone.
Burtsev_ID_traditions
This is the first part of the recording session with Innokentij Burtsev. Before the recording IDB told NA and BP a little bit about his life and contempopary problems in reideer herding. He was all his life a reindeer herder and now he is a zootechnician (zootechnik) in Sebjan. Actually when he was telling about it in Russian, he was very excited and cheerful. When we started the recording, he became much more serious and told a lot about endangered Even customs and endangered status of Even.
RDA_TPK_spirits
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
Adukanova_Ichanga_Managic
Evdokija Grigorevna Adukanova and Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga continue to tell about their life in the fishing camp, encounters with bears, going to visit reindeer herders.
Alekseeva_RD_lost_tapes_znatoki
This is the last section of the recording. At first, RDA tells about how she had taken a tape-recorder to the reindeer herd with her in the summer after she had finished school, and how she had recorded the old women and men in the herd telling her about how life used to be, about old traditions, old folklore, songs, etc. She had left these recordings in a box at home when she left for Yakutsk to go to university, only to find when she came back that her younger sister had overplayed this unique collection of folklore with music. From there she moves on to listing the people in Sebjan who know a lot about old traditions and local history and who could perhaps be asked to contribute their knowledge to the Dobes archive.
Unloading a truck
This session was made by the way to the traditional fishing camp "rybalka" at the transit point Sanuch. The day before people loaded a truck with food and other stuff to send it in advance to Sanuch. People should be carried by a helicopter to Sanuch and then to the corresponding fishing camp in several flights. After the helicopter had landed, the truck with load came. The passengers began to unload the truck and to sort sacks and boxes. It was rather long, maybe a half an hour. After they finished it, they began to load corresponding load to the helicopter for the first flight.
RDA_TPK_birth
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
RDA_TPK_delburge
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
Inspecting the net
This session was made at the lake Buroe, not far from Manych fishing camp. Nikolay Fomitch Ichanga came to check his net, that he does every day. First he loosened the net on the other side of the lake, then he takes out fish caught in his net. This time there were five fishes. After that he sets again his net. At that time his seven years old grandson Danil begins fishing with a spoon-bait. He cann't throw the spoon-bait far enough and Nikolay Fomitch shows him how to do it. But they don't catch anything in this way. 15-setka-1 One end of a fishing net has been tied to a wooden stake put in the ground on this side of a small lake. Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is walking along the other bank of the lake making his way to the other end of the net. He loosens that other end of the net which was fastened to a fallen tree. 16-ryba Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is back on this side of the lake. He pulls part of the fishing net on to the land. He kills a fish (a kind of salmon) – which is caught in the net – by hitting it with a wooden stick on its head. Then he takes the fish out of the net and throws it on an empty sack spread out in the grass. NFI pulls more of the net on to the land. Two more fishes (a kind of salmon too) occur in the net. Both of them are already dead. NFI takes them out of the net and throws them also on the empty sack. Step by step NFI pulls the net on to the land. He takes out another two fishes caught in the net. In the end NFI has gathered five fishes which will be enough to provide lunch for the people living in the camp at the moment. 17-setka-2 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is again on the other side of the lake. He is pulling the empty fishing net back into the water and fixes its end again to the fallen tree to which it had been fastened before. In the evening he will come back here in order to take out the fish which has gone into the net during the day. He will then fix the net for the night. 18-panorama_lovjat_na_blesnu-1 A boy (Danil Vadimovich Solodikov) is trying to catch fish using a simple fishing line with some bait at its end. He is standing at the bank of the small lake throwing the bait into the water. He didn’t do it well, so Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga – who had been watching – is starting to instruct him how to do it better. NFI throws the end with the bait into the water and then hands over the line to the boy. He tells the boy to pull the line slowly. Having lit a cigarette he takes the line back from the boy. 19-lovjat_na_blesnu-2 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga throws the bait into the water again, then he pulls back the line. He hands over the end with the bait to the boy telling him to try and throw it himself into the water. NFI steps back in order to watch the boy. 20-lovjat_na_blesnu-3 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga has the fishing line back in his hands. He throws the end with the bait into the water some steps away from the first place. He pulls back the line. Again he throws the end with the bait into the water. No fish takes the bait. 21-lovjat_na_blesnu-4 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga makes another attempt throwing the fishing line. No fish takes the bait. He pulls back the line, the line got tangled. NFI tries to disentangle it.
Adukanova_EG_Managic
Evdokija Grigorevna tells about her life: how she left her father's home to join her husband who was a reindeer herder; how she lived with the reindeer herd; and how she went to (boarding) school for the first time.
Perxun_ON_song
This is a popular song on Kamchatka "Mut Kamchatkat", written by Lidija Vojamgit-Delandja. It is about beautiful and reach Kamchatka. This song is sung by the folk groups Nulgur (Esso) and Nurgenek (Anavgaj). At the beginning Oktjabrina Nikolaevna made a short introduction about this song.
Breaking in a horse
This session was made at the traditional fishing camp "rybalka" at the Manych river. Almost all men of the Solodikovs participated in the process of breaking in a horse. At first all "wild" (not trained) horses were driven into a pen. Then one of he men catched with a lasso a horse that should be broken in and took it out of the pen. At the open place men whiped the horse with long twigs. Then the horse was fastened and stayed fastened for a long time. The men let the other horses out. This "wild" horses came to visit this fastened one during all evening, in the night and during the folowing day. Sometimes they began to fight. In this case they were driven off. 13-obuchenie_loshadi A light and a dark horse are coming downhill. They join a white horse which is tied to a wooden stake. Vadim, younger brother of Artiom Nikolaevich Solodikov (ANS), appears. He is the one in the family who usually breaks in the horses to harness. Vadim unties the white horse and guides it into a fenced area. The two other horses follow. ANS joins Vadim. They close the fence with a rope. Leontij, another younger brother of ANS, is also around. Vadim takes a long stick. At the end of it he fixes a rope with a noose. He tries to come close to the light horse’s head with the end of the stick so that the noose will glide around the horse’s neck. It takes Vadim a little while until the noose finally sits around the horse’s neck and contracts. The horse tries to get rid of the rope. Vadim pulls the rope. Leontij helps him. Another man (Nikolai Fomich Ichanga), ANS and Stanislav, oldest son of Vadim, join in to pull the rope. Vadim takes a long stick and hits the horse from behind. The men drive the horse out of the fence to an open place nearby. Vadim goes on hitting the horse strongly on his backside and hind legs in order to subjugate it and get it to accept the bridle. The horse tries to get away with all its might. Three times it falls down to the ground. Every time Vadim hits it forcing it to stand up again. Then it falls down totally exhausted. Vadim takes the bridle and puts it around the horse’s head. After that he forces the horse again to stand up hitting it hard. The men pull strongly at the rope standing in front of the horse, Vadim hits the horse from behind. Finally the horse follows the men. It is guided to a wooden stake to which it is then tied. Leontij comes with an ax and hammers the stake deeper into the ground. Then everybody leaves the place except from Leontij who keeps watching the horse. The dark horse, which is free to run about, comes close, putting its nose to the nose of the tied up horse. 14-privjazannaja_loshadj A horse that has just been broken in to harness is pulling at the rope with which it is tied to a wooden stake. Another horse, which is free to run about, is standing by its side trying to ease it, touching its nose with its own nose.
RDA_TPK_hongachan_baldarakan
RDA and TPK are discussing, how women were giving birth in the old time, when people spent most of time nomading with reindeer. People made a special yurt which is called golomo. Some women helped with preparations. Men were going hunting. RDA also mentions, that a reindeer was given to a newborn as a sort of talisman, which would protect its owner.
Axmetova_VI_scraping_fur
During this session Valentina Innokentjevna shows how to scrape the reindeer fur. First she cuts a hide with a knife and then begins to scrape it with a special instrument. She puts a little bit water to make the hide softer. After several minutes of scraping she explains, that she will make a fur-cap (malakhai) of it. NA asked her to name all instruments she had used (this scraper, handle and a board). Valentina Innokentjevna commented also all her actions in Even.