DOBES Archive

Even New Year
This session contains materials illustrating the celebration of the Even New Year festival. 1) opening speeches by local VIPs 2) parade of groups participating in a competition with the motto "Za chistoe zavtra" ("For a clean tomorrow") 3) the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai performs a dance 4) the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil and the folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from Anavgai perform dances 5) two men of the folklore ensemble "Jajar" from the village Tigil show a dance imitating ravens 6) view of a tank-like all-terrain vehicle parking at the edge of the festival ground
'Kino' = This very amusing narrative, the fifth of the recording session, describes how an old man in Twajan snuck into the village hall when they showed movies and sat behind the screen, in order to avoid having to pay the 5 kopecks entrance fee; and also how the same old man pretended to blow out a lightbulb in order to darken the room so the film could start. There is a Russian version of the first bit (sneaking behind the screen) in the middle.
Sawing firewood
This session was made in the wood. Artem Solodikov was preparing firewood sawing buscket willows "tal'nik" with a petrol-powered saw. He saws off a trunck and saws it up into shorter pieces. When he has enough, he puts the firewood on the special back pack that is called "ponjaga" (a metall frame with straps).
'Crossing river' = The last little anecdote of the day, which describes how they crossed a swollen river during a move of the reindeer herd.
Lilia Banakanova, direktor of this folk dance group, anounces the round dance Hedje. She says, that it was finally revitalized on Kamchatka. This dance is well-known and popular among other Even groups (e.g. Evens libing in Yakutia), but it was not performed on Kamchatka for a long time. When dancing it is also accompanied by special sounds imitating the reindeer (khorkanje).
Reindeer herd (video)
Videos taken in a Kamchatkan reindeer herd: 01-olenej_prignali_1.mpeg: the view on the reindeer herd. The animals are chased closer to the camp. The reindeer go round all the time to stay in movement. 02-vezdexod_1.mpeg: all-terrain vehicle (vezdekhod) slowly approaching the herders' camp. 03-pastushim-01_prosto_oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, the view of the reindeer herd and the walking herder 04-pastushim-02_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, two herders are walking around the herd. BP is asking bout the terms for some reindeer colors. 05-pastushim-03_idem_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing some reindeer color terms with the herder Anatolij Solodikov. 06-pastushim-04-begut-za-olenjami_1.mpeg: pasture, herders running after the reindeer 07-pastushim-05-ostavshajasja-chastj_1.mpeg: The rest part of the herd stayed at the pasture, NA was filming reindeer of different colors and ages. 08-pastushim-06-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 09-pastushim-07-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, a group of reindeer grazing and going round 10-pastushim-08-soset-moloko-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, a little reindeer calf sucking milk 11-pastushim-09-masti_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and the differences between Kamchatkan reindeer and the ones in Yakutiya 12-pastushim-10-guljken_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms and sex/ages terms for the reindeer 13-pastushim-11-roga_1.mpeg: pasture, Anatolij Solodikoves shows a reindeer with a branchless antler 14-pastushim-12-smazka-rogov_1.mpeg: pasture, a reindeer is rubbing the tips of the antler with fat from its hooves 15-pastushim-13-prosto-oleni_1.mpeg: pasture, discussing color terms for the reindeer (osheptulen, enkepu) 16-lovlja-arkanom-01_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov (brigadier) has walked into the herd and makes some unsuccessful attempts to catch an animal with the lasso 17-lovlja-arkanom-02_1.mpeg: Another attempt to catch the reindeer with the lasso 18-lovlja-arkanom-03_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer 22-lovlja-arkanom-07-pojmali-ne-tu_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov manages to catch an animal with the lasso, but he sets it free after all, as it is not the right one to be slaughtered 23-lovlja-arkanom-08-ne-popal_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich Solodikov continues catching the reindeer, but again the reindeer was not caught. Rhis video shows how AAS thows the lasso. 28-lovlja-arkanom-13-uzhe-pojmal_1.mpeg: Finally he has caught the right reindeer with the lasso 29-lovlja-arkanom-14-zavalili-nozh_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has caught a reindeer with the lasso; With the help of a younger herder (Pavel) the reindeer is turned to the ground 30-zarezali_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich (brigadier) has stabbed the reindeer. He shows the little cut: he has killed it by stabbing it into the heart. 31-nachinajut-snimatj-shkuru_1.mpeg: The skin is being taken off the reindeer 32-snimajut-shkuru-s-nogi_1.mpeg: Anton Afanasevich and a younger herder Pavel are taking the skin off the reindeer's legs 33-razdelyvajut_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up, kidney and liver are cut off. 34-legkoe-pechenj-ljazhka_1.mpeg: The meat is being cut up. AAS gives a term for lung (ewte). He makes cuts on the liver for blood to run out. Then he starts cutting off the leg (og). 35-nogi-kishki-pochki_1.mpeg: Pavel washed the reindeer stomach, he shows the omasum. Meanwhile Anton Afanasevich has taken out the second kidney. Then he cuts off one side of the ribs. 36-Pasha-otrezaet-golovu_1.mpeg: Pavel, a young herder, starts to cut off the reindeer's head.
'Live duck' = This short narrative (only about 1 minute in length in Even) told about how EIA's son went hunting while on leave from the army; he shot a duck and brought it home in his rucksack. The next morning they noticed the rucksack was moving and took a look - it turned out the duck hadn't been killed after all, had just been grazed on its beak, and so lost consciousness, and it flew away as soon as they took it outside. This was the eighth narrative of the session.
This story like three stories about granny Igodnyj is also from childhood of JET. Her friend and she were about 8 years old. They found some money in a street, hid themselves and shared this note by tearing it into two pieces. At that moment the aunt of JET saw them, she became angry and explained, that they should not do that.
'Whip' = This is a very brief narrative about how a cow herder hit a naughty boy with his whip from his horse in the same manner as he had just seen in the film 'Chapaev' about a hero in the Russian Civil War. It's the sixth recording of the session.
'Ducks' = This narrative, the seventh of the session, has an element of 'Muenchhausen's stories', because it describes how a man went hunting ducks, was about to shoot but noticed his glasses needed cleaning; when he again took aim he found some ducklings walking along the barrel of his gun. When he recounted this story to his friends, they gave him the nickname 'Bazhenov' after a Russian writer of fairytales.
Festival of the first fish (video + photos)
This session contains a number of videos illustrating the celebration of the festival of the first fish: 1) 02-nachalo : the festival is being opened by a dance of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" 2) 03-obrjad_ochischenija : a ritual for purification takes place 3) 04-nevod_s_ryboj : a symbolic first fish of the season is being "caught" with a fishing net 4) 05-ryba_plyvjet : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is imitating the migration of this fish 5) 06-razdacha_plavnikov : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is distributing parts of the fish 6) 07-ryba_plyvjet-2 : a symbolic first fish of the season has just been "caught"; a member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is imitating the migration of this fish 7) 08-nurgenek : the Even folklore ensemble "Nurgenek" from the village Anavgaj is presenting a dance 8) 09-nulgur_tantsy : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is performing a dance 9) 10-nulgur_pesnja_tanets : Sergej Petrovich Adukanov, member of the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" is presenting an Even song; then "Nulgur" performs the dance "Successful fishing" 10) 11-ljubovj : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" presents the dance "Love" 11) 12-soperniki_drugie_tantsy : the local Even folklore ensemble "Nulgur" presents various dances The photos show the process of cooking fish soup.
Unloading a truck
This session was made by the way to the traditional fishing camp "rybalka" at the transit point Sanuch. The day before people loaded a truck with food and other stuff to send it in advance to Sanuch. People should be carried by a helicopter to Sanuch and then to the corresponding fishing camp in several flights. After the helicopter had landed, the truck with load came. The passengers began to unload the truck and to sort sacks and boxes. It was rather long, maybe a half an hour. After they finished it, they began to load corresponding load to the helicopter for the first flight.
Inspecting the net
This session was made at the lake Buroe, not far from Manych fishing camp. Nikolay Fomitch Ichanga came to check his net, that he does every day. First he loosened the net on the other side of the lake, then he takes out fish caught in his net. This time there were five fishes. After that he sets again his net. At that time his seven years old grandson Danil begins fishing with a spoon-bait. He cann't throw the spoon-bait far enough and Nikolay Fomitch shows him how to do it. But they don't catch anything in this way. 15-setka-1 One end of a fishing net has been tied to a wooden stake put in the ground on this side of a small lake. Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is walking along the other bank of the lake making his way to the other end of the net. He loosens that other end of the net which was fastened to a fallen tree. 16-ryba Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is back on this side of the lake. He pulls part of the fishing net on to the land. He kills a fish (a kind of salmon) – which is caught in the net – by hitting it with a wooden stick on its head. Then he takes the fish out of the net and throws it on an empty sack spread out in the grass. NFI pulls more of the net on to the land. Two more fishes (a kind of salmon too) occur in the net. Both of them are already dead. NFI takes them out of the net and throws them also on the empty sack. Step by step NFI pulls the net on to the land. He takes out another two fishes caught in the net. In the end NFI has gathered five fishes which will be enough to provide lunch for the people living in the camp at the moment. 17-setka-2 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga is again on the other side of the lake. He is pulling the empty fishing net back into the water and fixes its end again to the fallen tree to which it had been fastened before. In the evening he will come back here in order to take out the fish which has gone into the net during the day. He will then fix the net for the night. 18-panorama_lovjat_na_blesnu-1 A boy (Danil Vadimovich Solodikov) is trying to catch fish using a simple fishing line with some bait at its end. He is standing at the bank of the small lake throwing the bait into the water. He didn’t do it well, so Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga – who had been watching – is starting to instruct him how to do it better. NFI throws the end with the bait into the water and then hands over the line to the boy. He tells the boy to pull the line slowly. Having lit a cigarette he takes the line back from the boy. 19-lovjat_na_blesnu-2 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga throws the bait into the water again, then he pulls back the line. He hands over the end with the bait to the boy telling him to try and throw it himself into the water. NFI steps back in order to watch the boy. 20-lovjat_na_blesnu-3 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga has the fishing line back in his hands. He throws the end with the bait into the water some steps away from the first place. He pulls back the line. Again he throws the end with the bait into the water. No fish takes the bait. 21-lovjat_na_blesnu-4 Nikolaj Fomich Ichanga makes another attempt throwing the fishing line. No fish takes the bait. He pulls back the line, the line got tangled. NFI tries to disentangle it.
This is a popular song on Kamchatka "Mut Kamchatkat", written by Lidija Vojamgit-Delandja. It is about beautiful and reach Kamchatka. This song is sung by the folk groups Nulgur (Esso) and Nurgenek (Anavgaj). At the beginning Oktjabrina Nikolaevna made a short introduction about this song.
These three stories are about an old woman who lived with JET's family. This old woman didn't speak Russian and didn't know, what electricity is. She told many fairy tales and was loved by children.
Breaking in a horse
This session was made at the traditional fishing camp "rybalka" at the Manych river. Almost all men of the Solodikovs participated in the process of breaking in a horse. At first all "wild" (not trained) horses were driven into a pen. Then one of he men catched with a lasso a horse that should be broken in and took it out of the pen. At the open place men whiped the horse with long twigs. Then the horse was fastened and stayed fastened for a long time. The men let the other horses out. This "wild" horses came to visit this fastened one during all evening, in the night and during the folowing day. Sometimes they began to fight. In this case they were driven off. 13-obuchenie_loshadi A light and a dark horse are coming downhill. They join a white horse which is tied to a wooden stake. Vadim, younger brother of Artiom Nikolaevich Solodikov (ANS), appears. He is the one in the family who usually breaks in the horses to harness. Vadim unties the white horse and guides it into a fenced area. The two other horses follow. ANS joins Vadim. They close the fence with a rope. Leontij, another younger brother of ANS, is also around. Vadim takes a long stick. At the end of it he fixes a rope with a noose. He tries to come close to the light horse’s head with the end of the stick so that the noose will glide around the horse’s neck. It takes Vadim a little while until the noose finally sits around the horse’s neck and contracts. The horse tries to get rid of the rope. Vadim pulls the rope. Leontij helps him. Another man (Nikolai Fomich Ichanga), ANS and Stanislav, oldest son of Vadim, join in to pull the rope. Vadim takes a long stick and hits the horse from behind. The men drive the horse out of the fence to an open place nearby. Vadim goes on hitting the horse strongly on his backside and hind legs in order to subjugate it and get it to accept the bridle. The horse tries to get away with all its might. Three times it falls down to the ground. Every time Vadim hits it forcing it to stand up again. Then it falls down totally exhausted. Vadim takes the bridle and puts it around the horse’s head. After that he forces the horse again to stand up hitting it hard. The men pull strongly at the rope standing in front of the horse, Vadim hits the horse from behind. Finally the horse follows the men. It is guided to a wooden stake to which it is then tied. Leontij comes with an ax and hammers the stake deeper into the ground. Then everybody leaves the place except from Leontij who keeps watching the horse. The dark horse, which is free to run about, comes close, putting its nose to the nose of the tied up horse. 14-privjazannaja_loshadj A horse that has just been broken in to harness is pulling at the rope with which it is tied to a wooden stake. Another horse, which is free to run about, is standing by its side trying to ease it, touching its nose with its own nose.
This is the second section of the recording session - somewhat artificially cut off after about 4 minutes. In this - also very animated - narrative ZAS tells how she arrived in Tashkent as a young woman to visit an Uzbek penfriend of hers, and how her friend had missed her at the airport because of a delay with the airplane, so that ZAS had had to find her friend's home by herself, with a taxi driver who also didn't know the street.