DOBES Archive

The song gives the message to the Puma community that they should preserve the cultural festivals. The ritual and cultural performers are highly respected in this song. The importance of Phagu and way of celebrating this Phagu festival is also mentioned in this song.
The speaker describes the circumstances of the phagu puja. The festival 'samkha' is performed during the ubhauli season (February to August). The speaker talks about the required materials, what the 'ngapong' (shaman) does in the beginning, middle and in the end of the worship, and the general way of celebrating this festival. The account also includes some information about 'mangngen' ritual.
This continuation of the Phagu spring ritual of Puma is celebrated outside the house. It is done compulsorily to offer phalamroŋ (sacred rice) and demanding the power and energy from the ancestors.
This is about an important Puma ritual in which a hen is sacrificed in the name of the phagu festival and ŋapoŋ has to perform this. The discourse gives an introduction, and describes the history, meaning and ways of performing the mangen ritual.
The session gives description of Henyongcha clan in general. The way of living style, origin, profession, agriculture, weather etc are described in this session.
The history of Caudandi kings and unique works did by them are mentioned here. In addition to this, it is also mentioned about the Puma culture and general description of Puma.
In this session, the narrator tells the myth of Sumnima and her marriage with Paruhang. The interesting events that happened in their marriage process are described in detail.
This session is about the origin of Bal Kanya Devi (Dimahongma). The parents of the child had left her at home alone. She woke up and started to search her parents. Following their way she died when trying to cross a river. In this way she became a deity worshiped by the parents and later the whole community.
On the occasion of the Phagu festival, Puma people dance and sing this song. However, in this session, the song was sung at home and it was not the occasion of the Phagu.
In this poem the topic is the preservation of the Puma language and culture and the need for all to unite for this goal.
In this session, the narrator tells the myth of Sumnima and her marriage with Paruhang. The interesting events that happened in their marriage process are described in detail.
The reason behind the celebration of the phagu festival are described. The way of celebrating and shaman roles in this particualr situation is said in detail in this session.
The description of the Puma marriage related with the Bulu batuko, a small metal bowl which plays an important role in the Puma marriage.The bowl should be taken to the house of bride. A hen's blood is put into a bulukhung, a small bowl and is taken to the bride's home.
The text describes about the origin of the Jante Dhunga.
This variant of the culture hero myth tells about Khiwama and Tonglama and their brother Hecchakumpa. The sisters leave the brother alone, as they marry off. After he grows up he marries himself and searches for his long lost sisters whom he invites for the wedding. As the are about to part he gives them the gift called balam. The story explains the Puma ritual called balam which is an important part of the Puma marriage ceremony.
Khali puja is the offering of the pig to the ancestors. The shaman should speak in the Puma mundhum language, the clan names are also called out. The ways of performing these processes are described.
In this text, Puma shaman Mr Cakra Bahadur Rai is performing the ritual. Paruhang is respected as the supreme god.In this ritual, shamans demand the power with their superior god, Paruhang.
The Puma people should do this khali in the memory of their ancestors. The Puma shaman has to perform this. The certain steps to be taken into consideration in this particular situation. It is stated in detail in this task. In addition to this, samkha, mangngen is also described in this session.
Historical description of the Jante dhunga which is situated at Diplung.