DOBES Archive

In this session the consultant sings a Christian song about Adam and Eve (with the consultant's explanation).
In this session the consultants talk about Marquesan feasts and dances, in particular the putu dance. Other dances which are also discussed are the "ori pahaka", "ori manu" and the "tape'a". One consultant gives samples of how it should be sung or how one moves in a particular dance. She also contrasts it with today's modernised versions.
In this session the consultant explain how kurkuma is used for body treatment to soften and colour the skin of women.
In this session the consultant talks about the carrying of a massive stone from Moto'ua over the mountains to Naho'e by the big warrior Putio (see also link).
This is the local Marquesan version of the legend of Hina, a figure in Polynesian mythology (see also link). The narrator gives detailed accounts of all the important places (+place names) of Hina in the valley of Motopu (Tahuata) where Hina was supposed to have reigned.
In this session the consultants narrate about their life at Moto'ua (Hiva 'Oa) from the 1950s onwards before modernisation set in in the 1970s and 1980s. They talk about their self-sufficiant lives, their diets, school life, travelling on the island, and in particular about birth-giving, treatment with plant medicine after birth and the diets of infants. In the final part they depict life after the 1980s when modernisation set in with electricity, TV, fridges etc. available.
In this session the consultant talks about how they lived in former times before modernisation set in on the Marquesas. She talks in particular about traditional food preparation.
In this session the consultant shows and explains one of the important locations of the Hina legend (see link). The location by sea is characterised by a crevice/fissure along the rocks. The place is called Mimi-o-Hina "urine of Hina" because according to the legend Hina had urinated at that place and the urine was so strong that it split the rock apart.
In this session the consultant explains how to prepare 'ape/kape, a type of taro/tubular root which is poisonous and causes skin irritations if not treated in the right way. The technique of how the toxin is removed is explained.
In this session the consultant talks about a site (=paepae "ancient foundations of houses") of a big Marquesan warrior, Puti'o, from Hiva 'Oa.
In this session the consultants talk about the stone of Huuti on Hiva 'Oa. Huuti was a man possessed by spirits (kaikaia/veinehae).
In this session the local legend of the humpbacked full moon is told (cf. v.d.Steinen (1933), "Die buckelige Mondnacht"). It actually explains the existence of an islet in the bay of Hanaiapa on Hiva 'Oa island, called Fatutue, which resembles the form of a head named by the French "tête nègre" (> upo'onika in modern Marquesan) (cf. also v.d.Steinen 1933: 369) . It tells the story of a mother with her daughter and two sons. At night during low tide the children fetch crabs and other seafood. After having returned back home the children offer the mother the seafood which she refuses to take. When all the children are fast asleep, the mother, called Tuapu'u (lit. 'humpback'), opens her back through a magic spell and fills all the caught seafood into her back which she eats secretly the next day. The same thing happens the following night. One of her sons gets suspicious and catches eels in the third night which he keeps alive. When the mother follows the same procedure, her back and intestines are eaten up by the living eels and she dies. Before dying she makes her daughter promise to plant a Kehi'a/Kehika-apple tree (Eugenia malaccensis) on her grave and further assigns the uppermost fruit/apple in the tree-top only to her daughter. After five days the tree already carries fruits which can be picked, and being reminded by her promise the daughter picks the uppermost fruit. At the moment of picking the fruit the tree collapses and the mother resurrects. Furiously she pursuits her children to the cape of Hanaiapa which breaks off the main land. This broken off piece of land is the islet Fatutue, also called upo'onika or tête nègre (cf. above). The story ends in that the mother fails to rejoin her children and finally dies in the sea.
In this session the consultants talk about the living tiki Moeone, a stone figure on one of the sites at Hanapa'a'oa (Hiva 'Oa). In connection with this site the consultants also talk about several different skulls found near that site.
This is the legend of 'Ono, an important Marquesan warrior. The consultant narrates the second part of the legend.
In this session the consultant sings the vave, a welcoming song for visitors, of Naho'e (Hiva 'Oa).
This session contains the legend of Pake'eke'e, a powerful tribe of Tahuata island.
In this session the consultant talks about former taboos. Some taboos are illustrated in form of an anecdote of a water hole in Naho'e (Hiva 'Oa).
In this session the consultants talk about life before modernisation in the 1960s and 1970s took place. They talk about traditional food preparation, treatment of new born babies (food and plant medication), about plant medicine in general, birth and after-birth treatment, cash crops and local currency.
In this session the consultant tells one of the stories connected with the big warrior Putio from Hiva 'Oa.
In this session the consultant makes links to other Polynesian cultures (in particular the Tuamotuan) and their myths. It is also discussed about additional connections with Hina in sayings and natural phenomena.