DOBES Archive

Bal Kanya Devi or Dimahongma is the supreme goddess for the Puma, and they believe in her strongly. Once upon a time, a young girl's parents left her at home in order to work across the river. The girl started to look for her parents and followed them. When the parents later returned home and their daughter was not there they searched for her. Eventually they found that she had drowned in the river when trying to cross it. The parents were very sad. Later they found that the girl had turned into a goddess and they worshipped her.
This variant of the culture hero myth tells about Khiwama and Tonglama and their brother Hecchakumpa. The sisters leave the brother alone, as they marry off. After he grows up he marries himself and searches for his long lost sisters whom he invites for the wedding. As the are about to part he gives them the gift called balam. The story explains the Puma ritual called balam which is an important part of the Puma marriage ceremony.
In this session, the participants have talked about the general condition of their school life and also talked about parents and themselves.
In this session, the participants have talked in general. It is a natural conversation of children. Mother have asked some of the questions and children have given the response.
It is a kind of the natural conversation of the children. In this recording the children have talked about the daily happenings of the children.
The song stresses that the Puma language and culture have a significant role because it has united Puma people. But Puma language and culture are highly endangered, so every Puma speaker should know their value and help in preservation and development.
The incidents which happened in the childhood life of the speaker and also the experience of adoloscence is expressed in the poem.
The Puma people should do this khali in the memory of their ancestors. The Puma shaman has to perform this. The certain steps to be taken into consideration in this particular situation. It is stated in detail in this task. In addition to this, samkha, mangngen is also described in this session.
In this session, the ritual performer has done a ritual related about the funeral processes. The dead soul is given different varieties of the food and also his soul is made away from the family members.
In this poem the topic is the preservation of the Puma language and culture and the need for all to unite for this goal.
The speaker describes the Puma people in the village of Devisthan in different respects, such as the climate, crops, and economic conditions of the Puma in that village.
The song gives the message to the Puma community that they should preserve the cultural festivals. The ritual and cultural performers are highly respected in this song. The importance of Phagu and way of celebrating this Phagu festival is also mentioned in this song.
In this session, the speaker has said about the Puma culture. He has also mentioned about the origin of the human beings, origin of the other existed beings in the world. In addition to this, he has also mentioned about the Sumnima and Paruhang and their great deeds.
The singers sing a romantic song. The people sing this kind of the song in the occasion of the Puma Phagu festival.
In this session, the singer has sung about the feeling when he is unable to meet his girlfriend.
In this recording the ritual ceremony named the sayadotma performed as part of the Phagu spring ritual in the month of Baisakh (April-May). The priest (ŋapoŋ) has to perform a rite in the morning for the fireplace in the house. The ritual is done in the name of the ancestors. This is the first part of the rite inside the house. The second part takes place outside.
Palung Phagu is one of the very important ritual. It should be performed in the occasion of the Phagu ubhauli festival (in the beginning of April) and it is performed in the memory of the ancestors. They wish of good weather (raining) for farming, good health for the whole family and so on. How shaman worships the dead ancestor's soul and performs Puma mundhum language to demand for good climate, health and so on is expressed in detail in the real Palung Phagu festival.
This continuation of the Phagu spring ritual of Puma is celebrated outside the house. It is done compulsorily to offer phalamroŋ (sacred rice) and demanding the power and energy from the ancestors.
These photographs show the sacred site, called Jantedhunga, which is a major place in Puma myth and a significant reference point in the Puma tradition. According to the myth, in ancient times a marriage procession turned to stone. People say that this can still be seen in the rock formation.
These photographs show various types of Puma houses in the Ruwa Khola area.